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How to use GitHub?

1 years ago Views 481 Visit Post Reply

i wan to up My code on Github. I am new for github. HOw can i push Code on Github?


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Hemant Sharma

- 1 years ago

If You are having any Problem in github Follow :-

  1. Create a new repository on GitHub. To avoid errors, do not initialize the new repository with README, license, or gitignore files. You can add these files after your project has been pushed to GitHub.
  2. Open Git Bash. If you have not Installed Git Download.

  3. Change the current working directory to your local project.

  4. Initialize the local directory as a Git repository.

    git init
    
  5. Add the files in your new local repository. This stages them for the first commit.

    git add .
    # Adds the files in the local repository and stages them for commit. To unstage a file, use 'git reset HEAD YOUR-FILE'.
    
  6. Commit the files that you've staged in your local repository.

    git commit -m "First commit"
    # Commits the tracked changes and prepares them to be pushed to a remote repository. To remove this commit and modify the file, use 'git reset --soft HEAD~1' and commit and add the file again.
    
  7. Copy remote repository URL fieldAt the top of your GitHub repository's Quick Setup page, click to copy the remote repository URL.

  8. In the Command prompt, add the URL for the remote repository where your local repository will be pushed.

    git remote add origin remote repository URL
    # Sets the new remote
    git remote -v
    # Verifies the new remote URL
    
  9. Push the changes in your local repository to GitHub.

    git push origin master
    # Pushes the changes in your local repository up to the remote repository you specified as the origin
    
    

If you are Using the First Time

# Create a new repository on the command line
   
  touch README.md
  git init
  git add README.md
  git commit -m "first commit"
  git remote add origin https://github.com/c0ldlimit/vimcolors.git
  git push -u origin master
   
  # Push an existing repository from the command line
   
  git remote add origin https://github.com/c0ldlimit/vimcolors.git
  git push -u origin master

Bili Greed

- 1 years ago



You need to use CMD terminal for PUSH Project on Github repository:- 
The first two things you'll want to do are install git and create a free GitHub account.
 

Create a Repository
repository is usually used to organize a single project. Repositories can contain folders and files, images, videos, spreadsheets, and data sets – anything your project needs. We recommend including a README or a file with information about your project. GitHub makes it easy to add one at the same time you create your new repository. It also offers other common options such as a license file.
 

To create a new repository

  1. In the upper right corner, next to your avatar or identical, click and then select New Repository.
  2. Name your repository.hello-world
  3. Write a short description.(Optional)
  4. Select Initialize this repository with a README.

Click Create repository.



Create a Branch
 

Branching is the way to work on different versions of a repository at one time.

By default your repository has one branch named master which is considered to be the definitive branch. We use branches to experiment and make edits before committing them to master.

When you create a branch off the master branch, you’re making a copy, or snapshot, of master as it was at that point in time. If someone else made changes to the master branch while you were working on your branch, you could pull in those updates.

This diagram shows:

  • The master branch
  • A new branch called feature (because we’re doing ‘feature work’ on this branch)
  • The journey that feature takes before it’s merged into master

a branch

Have you ever saved different versions of a file? Something like:

  • story.txt
  • story-joe-edit.txt
  • story-joe-edit-reviewed.txt

Branches accomplish similar goals in GitHub repositories.

Here at GitHub, our developers, writers, and designers use branches for keeping bug fixes and feature work separate from our master (production) branch. When a change is ready, they merge their branch into master.
 

To create a new branch

  1. Go to your new repository hello-world.
  2. Click the drop down at the top of the file list that says branch: master.
  3. Type a branch name, readme-edits, into the new branch text box.
  4. Select the blue Create branch box or hit “Enter” on your keyboard.

branch gif

Now you have two branches, master and readme-edits. They look exactly the same, but not for long! Next we’ll add our changes to the new branch.

 

Step 3. Make and commit changes

Bravo! Now, you’re on the code view for your readme-edits branch, which is a copy of master. Let’s make some edits.

On GitHub, saved changes are called commits. Each commit has an associated commit message, which is a description explaining why a particular change was made. Commit messages capture the history of your changes, so other contributors can understand what you’ve done and why.

Make and commit changes

  1. Click the README.md file.
  2. Click the  pencil icon in the upper right corner of the file view to edit.
  3. In the editor, write a bit about yourself.
  4. Write a commit message that describes your changes.
  5. Click Commit changes button.

commit

These changes will be made to just the README file on your readme-editsbranch, so now this branch contains content that’s different from master.

 

Step 4. Open a Pull Request

Nice edits! Now that you have changes in a branch off of master, you can open a pull request.

Pull Requests are the heart of collaboration on GitHub. When you open a pull request, you’re proposing your changes and requesting that someone review and pull in your contribution and merge them into their branch. Pull requests show diffs, or differences, of the content from both branches. The changes, additions, and subtractions are shown in green and red.

As soon as you make a commit, you can open a pull request and start a discussion, even before the code is finished.

By using GitHub’s @mention system in your pull request message, you can ask for feedback from specific people or teams, whether they’re down the hall or 10 time zones away.

You can even open pull requests in your own repository and merge them yourself. It’s a great way to learn the GitHub Flow before working on larger projects.

Open a Pull Request for changes to the README

Click on the image for a larger version

Step Screenshot
Click the  Pull Request tab, then from the Pull Request page, click the green New pull request button. pr-tab
In the Example Comparisons box, select the branch you made, readme-edits, to compare with master (the original). branch
Look over your changes in the diffs on the Compare page, make sure they’re what you want to submit. diff
When you’re satisfied that these are the changes you want to submit, click the big green Create Pull Requestbutton. create-pull
Give your pull request a title and write a brief description of your changes. pr-form

When you’re done with your message, click Create pull request!


Tip: You can use emoji and drag and drop images and gifs onto comments and Pull Requests.

 

Step 5. Merge your Pull Request

In this final step, it’s time to bring your changes together – merging your readme-edits branch into the master branch.

  1. Click the green Merge pull request button to merge the changes into master.
  2. Click Confirm merge.
  3. Go ahead and delete the branch, since its changes have been incorporated, with the Delete branch button in the purple box.

mergedelete

Celebrate!

By completing this tutorial, you’ve learned to create a project and make a pull request on GitHub!